Early menopause

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What is early menopause?

Premature menopause, also known as early ovarian failure (POI), is the absence of menstruation and a decrease in egg reserve that begins before the age of 40.

What are the symptoms of early menopause?

  • Ovarian surgery
  • Treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy
  • Galactosemia disease
  • Genetic problems
  • Infections
  • Poor quality of life, poor diet, alcohol, smoking
  • Immune cells attacking the eggs and causing early menopause.

Treatment of early menopause

Once the disease is diagnosed, karyotyping and FMR premutation analysis are performed to understand if it is due to genetic causes.Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most effective treatment for the early menopause. HRT treats menopausal symptoms and replenishes the sources of oestrogen in the body. Progesterone is also given. This is because oestrogen intake causes the lining of the uterus to thicken. This is an important situation. The thickened lining of the uterus can undergo cellular changes that have the potential to develop into uterine cancer. If there is a drug that needs to be added on top of this, your doctor will decide. Therefore, each patient's treatment process should be managed differently and assessed according to need.

What to do about the risk of early menopause?

  • Attention should be paid to diet and lifestyle
  • Smoking and alcohol consumption should be avoided
  • Live as far away as possible from pollution.
  • Contraceptive pills should not be taken regularly.
  • If you are underweight, you should gain weight; if you are overweight, you should lose weight.

What are the symptoms of early menopause?

  • Increase in menstrual frequency
  • Sudden sweating, burning in the cheeks or on the body
  • Aggressive attitudes in social and business life
  • Itching and dryness in the vagina
  • Psychological changes
  • Increased appetite
  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Having problems concentrating
  • Reluctance to have sexual intercourse
  • Insomnia at night
  • Forgetting work that needs to be done, carelessness
  • Feeling constantly
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