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What is polycystic ovary syndrome?

Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the hormonal disorders that cause ovulation disorders with the formation of small and many eggs in the ovaries. Accordingly, it causes infertility with irregularities such as menstrual irregularities, absence of menstruation or menstruation with prolonged periods.

What are the causes of polycystic ovary syndrome?

In polycystic ovary syndrome, the cause of which is not precisely known, hormones that control menstruation and testosterone are produced more than normal. All the hormone production necessary for the complete maturation of the egg cannot be provided; for this reason, none of the eggs can hatch because they cannot mature. Since the hormone progesterone cannot be produced, menstruation is either irregular or absent altogether.

How is polycystic ovary syndrome diagnosed?

To diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome, hormone and blood tests are first examined. The level of androgen hormones in the blood, the FSH and LH hormone levels are important for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome. In addition, the polycystic structures of the ovaries should be examined sonographically. As a result of all this, a definite diagnosis can be made.

Treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome

Depending on the hormone levels in the blood, the patient with polycystic ovary syndrome may be recommended birth control pills or menstruation-regulating medication. If another disease develops due to this condition, your doctor may also use a different treatment method. One of the first problems with polycystic ovary syndrome is the inability to get pregnant. With the deterioration of sugar and fat metabolism, diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol can be observed. Due to androgen excess, hair loss, increased hair growth, oily skin, acne on the skin may be observed. In the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, all these problems should be addressed and treatment should be given. If the patient has ovulatory dysfunction, surgery can be performed using the laparoscopic method to restore this function.

What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?

  • Irregular or no menstruation.
  • Acne on the face, back, chest area.
  • Depression mood change.
  • Thickening of the intrauterine wall.
  • Snoring, sleep apnoea.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Excessive weight gain.
  • An increase in hairiness.
  • Headaches.
  • Infertility.
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