What is uterine film (HSG)?

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What is uterine film (HSG)?

Uterine film (HSG) is an X-ray that shows the uterus and fallopian tubes. Unlike normal X-rays, it allows visualisation of the uterus and fallopian tubes with a special fluid from the cervix. This helps to learn about pathologies related to the inner wall of the uterus and problems related to the fallopian tubes.

How is a uterine film taken?

First, the patient is placed on the X-ray table in the gynaecological examination position. The vagina is sterilised and the cervix is fixed. A soft plastic cannula is inserted through the cervix and a special fluid is injected through the cervix into the uterus. The iodine in this fluid, which gives a better view of the uterus and fallopian tubes, detects X-rays and helps with diagnosis on the imaging machine. After the fluid has spread into the uterus, an image is taken with the X-ray machine. HSG takes about 15-20 minutes.

What should be done before the uterine film?

Sexual intercourse is prohibited during the uterine film to avoid pregnancy.You should drink the antibiotic prescribed by the doctor 3 days before the uterine film.There is usually no pain during the uterine film, but a pain like menstrual pain is usually felt. However, as this situation varies from person to person, you can have a uterine film taken under anaesthesia if you wish.

Why is uterine film necessary?

  • In women with infertility problems, HSG is needed to find the reasons that prevent pregnancy.
  • It is done to stop miscarriages or to minimise the risks of abortions of unknown cause.
  • It is performed to diagnose serious diseases such as abnormalities in the uterine ducts and cancer.

What should I do after the uterine film?

  • You should not have sexual intercourse for the first 2 weeks.
  • You may experience mild back and groin pain. If your doctor prescribes painkillers, you can take them.
  • If complications occur after the uterine film, such as fever, foul-smelling discharge, nausea and vomiting, a doctor should be consulted.
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